Old cartons or other open boxes can serve as ideal means for chucking paper waste. Keep in mind that large quantities of paper waste come from office work. If you have a desk at your home, complete it with a paper basket, too.
What‘s Going on with Paper Waste?
Sorting in Households
46.0 kg of paper will sort out an average Czech household per year
Containers for Paper Sorting
91,423 of containers for paper sorting can be found in the Czech Republic in total
The blue containers are designed for collecting newspapers, magazines, paper boxes, any cardboard items and books, paper envelopes and chancery paper. Scrap paper, such as water-soaked paper, greasy or otherwise soiled paper shall not be collected in the container. Used disposable napkins and other hygienic materials shall not go in the container for paper, but in the rubbish bin!
more than 210,186 tons of paper waste collected annually from Czech municipalities
Paper, as well as other sorted waste types, is collected by means of vehicles designed solely for sorted waste collection, but paper waste may be collected even by ordinary refuse collecting vehicles. The vehicles should be, however, marked with the waste type currently collected. Before collecting sorted waste the vehicle should be properly cleaned in order any deterioration to be avoided of sorted waste during collection. Paper taken from blue containers is transported to the final sorting line, where it is finally sorted according to paper type and compressed into large packets.
Final Sorting Line
more than 526 tons of paper are subjected to final sorting and compression every day
Before processing the paper waste should be sorted manually to satisfy the requirements of various customers for particular paper types (i.e., newspapers, magazines, cartons, paperboard and other paper types) and to remove undesirable admixtures (wrongly sorted waste). Such finally sorted paper compressed in packets will be then transported to specialised plants and other facilities for recycling.
90 % of paper packages are recycled and reused in the Czech Republic every year
The method most commonly used for paper waste recycling consists in its use as a raw material for new paper production. Paper is first mixed in a large vessel with water and other additives to form thin slurry and made free of foreign bodies, such as paper clips and staples, envelope windows, etc. The slurry is then distributed onto a moving continuous screen (“wire cloth”), where water drains from the slurry and a thin layer of (wet) paper sheet is formed. The sheet is then compressed and dried. The process of drying is very important, as the paper stock contains about 96 % of water, when applied onto the wire cloth. Paper raw material can be recycled seven times in average, as paper fibre length is reduced in each process of recycling. However, in certain cases paper waste can be recycled as many as twenty times.
Other options for the reuse of paper waste include the production of thermal insulation and building material fillers, energy generation or even the production of compost and biogas.
98 % of newspapers currently run are printed on recycled paper
Most probably, recycled paper is the best known recycled material, as its collection dates as back as to 1950‘s. It is true that the major part of paper in use comes from recycling (even if it is not declared). Typical products of everyday use that employ recycled raw material include toilet paper, newspapers, chancery paper and various paper and cardboard boxes as well. In school children write in recycled copybooks and often work with recycled paper during their lessons of creative education. Less known applications of recycled paper comprise paper briquettes and building insulation elements. Additionally, so called moulded pulps used for producing, e.g., egg trays and cartons are made of recycled paper of very low quality.